Building Sustainable Mobility for Women
The important role of gender in sustainable mobility continues to gain traction thanks to the FIA Foundation’s work on the issue. Leading the debate at the Sustainable Mobility for All (SuM4ALL) consortium meeting in Bonn, FIA Foundation Deputy Director Sheila Watson welcomed that gender is already recognised as part of the SuM4ALL consortium’s 4 part working plan, and shared the findings of our latest research.
The FIA Foundation have funded independent research which has looked at the patterns of women’s use of public transport in cities in South Africa, Ecuador, Argentina and Chile. The new Latin American ‘Ella se mueve segura’ (‘Women move safely’) project which is about to report, was a joint project with CAF, the Latin American Development Bank. The project has shown that women use public transport more than men, tending to use bus transport rather than rail; and rate personal security issues as their main concern.
Sheila Watson outlined 4 reasons why personal security for women is important:
1. Women need safe public transport to support economic development.
Women make a vital and growing economic contribution globally. CAF estimates that improving women’s participation in the work force in Latin America could add an additional 34% to the region's GDP, and that their role in the Latin American so called ‘economic miracle’ with average growth rates of around 5% between 2002 and 2008 was crucial. Increasingly women are sole breadwinners in some of the poorest families.
2. Women need safe public transport options to make good health and education choices for their families & communities.
Women shape communities. They access healthcare for themselves and their families which is essential to ensure healthy communities, and they choose the education which will enable children to grow to be skilled and fulfilled people. They will miss health checks, and use the easiest and not necessarily the best schools if transport links are poor.
3. Women need to experience safe public transport options because unless they feel safe on public transport they won’t recommend it to their families, and we won’t make any progress.
Linked to this women also influence the transport choices of the next generation of transport users. They share their experiences of sustainable transport options with their families, and like anyone they will only recommend what they like.
4. Women have a right to be safe
Finally, and most fundamentally; women have personal rights to be safe, to be respected, and to achieve their potential, yet currently traditional systems of public transportation delivery and management ‘are a nightmare for women everywhere’ as the New York Post recently opined.
Creating safe public spaces is challenging, but it is vital that this is taken forward. Public transport options which address women’s concerns are at the heart of our ability to achieve sustainable development and sustainable mobility.
A system which fails women, undermines ambitions for sustainable mobility and sustainable development. The Sustainable Development Goals are like a stack of bricks. SDG 5 speaks of respecting and empowering women – pull it out and the whole SDG stack will come tumbling down.