FIA Foundation paper urges action to cut pollution from vehicles
Newly released research from the FIA Foundation outlines key areas to target in order to reduce air pollution from vehicles. Based on analysis by transport policy experts from Clean Air Asia, a leading NGO working for better air quality, the paper outlines 5 key areas where a greater focus is needed to cut pollution and mitigate the impacts of climate change.
These areas are:
- Reducing ‘black carbon’ from diesel vehicles
- Addressing emissions from motorbikes and 3-wheelers
- Co-ordinating initiatives on green freight
- Improving inspection and maintenance of vehicles
- Strong emissions standards for second-hand vehicles
The challenge of cleaning up the air which we breathe is growing, particularly – but not exclusively – in developing countries. There is an urgent need for governments and other stakeholders to take action to address emissions from vehicles.
This report highlights the role of ‘black carbon’, fine particle matter from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, including diesel from vehicles, which can cause serious health and climate impacts. These particles absorb sunlight and generate heat in the atmosphere, warming the air and changing weather patterns and accelerating the rate that ice melts. Because these particles only stay in the air for a few weeks, they are known as Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs), meaning lower levels of emissions can quickly have significant positive impacts. Fine particles are also associated with respiratory diseases and heart attacks.
The report identifies several areas for action, including improving inspection and maintenance schemes. As vehicles age they experience declining emissions performance. Introducing effective inspection and maintenance regimes alongside new fuel and vehicle standards can identify non-compliant vehicles and reduce harmful emissions.
The FIA Foundation currently supports a range of work to promote clean air and reduced emissions from vehicles, including the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV). The Foundation will announce further action in this area at COP21 in Paris in December.